Tag Archives: Ibizan Hound


Paraparesis is a non-specific term for bilateral motor dysfunction of the pelvic limbs. Paraparesis is a very common presentation in small animal veterinary practice and can be caused by orthopaedic, muscle, neuromuscular junction, nerve and spinal cord dysfunction. More rarely, systemic and metabolic disorders can present as episodic or progressive paraparesis (e.g. cardiac and pulmonary dysfunction, endocrine and electrolyte disturbances) and animals with drug-induced side-effects (e.g. phenobarbital and potassium bromide) may show pelvic limb dysfunction manifested as ataxia. Diseases of the thoracolumbar spinal cord are the most common cause of paraparesis and, as late or misdiagnosis of many of these disorders can have catastrophic consequences for the patient, it is important to fully understand how to evaluate and manage paraparetic animals. Clinical signs Paraparesis, by definition, represents motor deficits in the pelvic limbs. Abnormal gait descriptions include: Ataxia ― loss of proprioception; incoordination Fatigability applies when one or more muscles become weaker with repetitive but normal use and may imply neuromuscular dysfunction Paresis ― reduced voluntary motor function Paralysis Read more […]