Category Archives: Breeds

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

History and Development Dandies were first heard of as an established breed in the late 1700’s in the Coquet Water district of Northumberland when they were largely in the hands of the Border “muggers” or tinkers who used them for drawing and killing badgers, otters and foxes. It must have been in those days that the Dandie developed his proverbial courage and tremendous strength of jaw. Most Dandie breeders know of Piper Allan, a colorful character of those days, and of his two famous Dandies, Charlie and Peachem. Hut the outstanding figure in the Dandie world of that era was fames Davidson of Hindlee, who kept a large number of the Pepper and Mustard terriers as they were known then and had the odd notion of calling them all Pepper and Mustard, varied with adjectives “big, little, young, old” etc. Davidson’s Dandies were the true descendants of Piper Allan’s breed and they provide a link between the Dandies of the 18th century and now, as records and pedigrees were kept and handed down to the present day. Sir Walter Scott obtained several Dandie Dinmonts as they now began to be called, from Davidson and there are many references to them and the litters he bred, in his letters and private writings. From now Read more […]

Bedlington Terrier

History and Development The exact origin of the Bedlington Terrier cannot be definitely ascertained, but it is generally believed that it appeared at about the same time as the Dandie Dinmont. Or similar obscurity is the combination of breeds that went into its making. The body contours of the Bedlington point to a relationship with a hound breed. The Otterhound has been suggested as a possible forebear but this is something that can only be guessed at, and the Greyhound or Whippet seems more likely. In addition to hound blood, the Bedlington probably goes back to some type of now extinct otter terrier; this ancestor is probably shared with the Dandic, as old prints of Dandies and Bedlingtons show a striking similarity, although they are not so alike today. In the latter part of the 18th century, a breed or strain of terriers existed in Northumberland in and around the Rothbury Forest, which was held in high esteem in the neighborhood for its excellent qualities and especially its gameness. Their matings in the first place were probably arranged entirely with a view to perpetuate these qualities, rather than their outward appearance; to get dogs with strength, courage, endurance, nose and the like. Whatever it Read more […]

Greyhound

History and Development There is little doubt that the Greyhound is one of the very few breeds which can claim to be true. One of the oldest, it not the oldest, of sporting breeds, it has been recorded as the Gazehound, the hound which runs on the sight of its quarry. This is undoubtedly so; it has very keen eyesight, but this does not mean that the Greyhound is not well equipped to hunt and scent its quarry. It is a theory held by some that the Greyhound family is nearly as old as civilization. There are wall-paintings in some tombs in the Valley of the Nile which portray dogs of the greyhound type but, of course, one cannot elude the possibility that the Saluki also could be the animal illustrated. Mention of the breed occurs in the Bible, in the Book of Solomon, Chapter XXX, Verses 29-31: – There be three things that go well, yea four that are comely in going, a lion which is strongest among beasts and turneth not from any: A greyhound, an he goat also, and a king against whom there is no rising up. In this ancient world of the Bible, caravans of the merchants and nobles conveyed these hounds along the valleys of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates and throughout ancient Iraq and Persia to the colder climate Read more […]

Dachshund

History and Development It is certain that by chance, mutation and finally by recognized breeding, the Dachshund, or Teckel as it is known in Germany, has been evolved from the oldest known breeds of dog. In old German documents there is mention of the “Tracking Dog ‘ and of the Bibarhunt or predecessor of the Teckel. In 16th century documents repeated reference is made lo “Little Burrow Dog”, “Badger Dog” and “Dacksel”, and woodcuts of 1576 to 1582 show cross-bred dogs on lengthy Dachshund bodies. Ai the end of the 17th century the “Badger Fighter” is described as a “peculiar low crooked legged specie”, while in 1848 Teckels became well known to hunting historians of that period and were described as follows: A good looking Dachshund is long and low, the back arched, belly drawn up weasel fashion, chest deep, neck long and strong, canine teeth interlocking closely, the eye expressive and spirited, the tail fine and not carried too gaily. The hind legs more still and straight than is usually the case in other dogs. Forelegs strong and muscular, not crooked but only with the broad strong feet turned outwards. Throughout the centuries our Dachshund was bred as a hunting dog. Definitely to the year 1848, the Smooth-haired Read more […]

Irish Terrier

History and Development Records of the Irish Terrier’s background are sparse. Early Greek writers mention a terrier of Great Britain which had apparently been cultivated for many generations and which was not found elsewhere in Europe, and there is direct evidence that a breed of “wire-haired” black and tan terriers existed in Britain over 200 years ago and were used for (ox and otter hunting and for destroying vermin. The Welsh Terrier fanciers claim this terrier as the progenitor of their breed. Such terriers were also found in the Westmorland hills, but these were shorter on the leg, and have since been accepted as Lakeland Terriers. This old wire-haired black and tan terrier also was concerned in the origin of the Irish Terrier; and there were around Cork and Ballymena in Ireland, a larger strain of wheaten terrier, w inch also played a pan, a much racier type with longer legs and all one color. The confirmation of these early breed influences was seen among the early show Irish Terriers, when litters commonly contained some black and tan puppies. At the Dublin show in 1874, there were classes for both large and small Irish Terriers – over 9 lbs. and under 9 lbs. – all pointers to the fact that these terrier Read more […]

Scottish Terrier

History and Development It has been said many times that the origin of the Scottish Terrier dates back several centuries. On this assumption, it is clear that if length of genealogy counts for anything at all, the Scottish Terrier is a real aristocrat in the canine world. It is, of course, generally accepted that some other breeds of terriers have been described as “Terriers of Scotland”. When one considers Scotland with its Highlands and Lowlands and unique variety of terrain, can it be questioned that a number of breeds of terriers were produced for specialized work in certain areas. Without controversy, therefore, it can be claimed that the Scottish Terrier (or Aberdeen Terrier as he was at one lime described) as we know him today is descended in a direct line from terriers bred for character, pluck and determination and for a particular purpose. Notwithstanding refinements which, largely for show purposes, have crept into the breed, many Scottish Terriers of today could well do the job their ancestors were bred to do so many years ago. As already indicated, the Scottie is not a new breed; it has established itself as a firm favorite over a long period. Scottish Terrier: Color The Standard of the breed allows Read more […]

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

History and Development The Staffordshire Bull Terrier, as his name implies, was produced from a Bulldog with one or more of the terrier breeds which abounded in the early 1800’s. His main progenitor was the Old English Bulldog of about 1820, when the initial crossings were made. This was a rangier, lighter Bulldog than our modem version – in fact, sonic students of canine racism aver that the Stafford is actually a fined-down type of pure Bulldog, selectively bred on terrier-like lines with no true terrier infusion. Quite apart from the name “Bull-and-Terrier” used freely in literature for many decades, respected authors like Pierce Egan in Annals of Sporting (Vol. 1.), 1822, refer to the result of these crossings for the first time as Bull Terriers”. Later in 1829, Captain Thomas Brown in his Biographical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of Dogs, devoted a special chapter to this “new” breed, the Bull Terrier. The terrier role in this Bulldog-Terrier alliance is believed to have been performed by the Old English Black-and-Tan Terrier, forerunner of the Manchester Terrier. It is not surprising that size in these old Bull-and-Terriers varied considerably. Some taking after their Bulldog progenitor went 60 lbs. Read more […]

Bloodhound

History and Development Bloodhounds are believed to have been brought into England in 1066 by William the Conqueror, and it is doubtful if they existed in Britain before that time. They were used extensively in the Ardennes for deer hunting, and must for ever be associated with the Flemish monastery of St. Hubert, where both the black and the white colored hounds were kept, the latter being the Talbot hounds and a color not in existence today. The name Bloodhound is thought to have originated in the same way as a thoroughbred horse is called a blood horse, thereby a thoroughbred hound, a Bloodhound, not a blood-thirsty hound as might be imagined. During the Second World War the breed nearly became extinct in Britain audit was only due to Mr. F. Hylden of the Brighton prefix and Mrs. Elms of the Reynalton prefix, who struggled to keep approximately a dozen hounds between them, that the breed managed to survive at all. Before the war Kennel Club registrations were about 140 Bloodhounds yearly; during the war ten a year only were registered, and there were twenty-one in 1945, fourteen in 1946 and twenty-one in 1947. These puppies were very in-bred and delicate, and in 1947 and ’48 there was a great danger of their Read more […]

Beagle

History and Development Like so much of what is now regarded as English, the ancestors of the Beagle seem to have come to England with William the Conqueror. The Talbot hounds which he brought with him were the progenitors of the Southern hound which, in turn gave rise to the Beagle. Hunting dogs which relied on scent rather than sight were well-known in England as early as the beginning of the 16th century and one of the first references to this breed, by name, appears in the Privy Accounts of Henry VIII where payment is recorded to a Robert Shere, die “Keeper of the Beagles”. The deforestation of the 17th and 18th centuries provided more open country for horse-riding and greatly reduced the number of deer, leaving the (ox and hare as the main objectives for sportsmen on horseback. The second Duke of Buckingham (1687) was one of the first to keep a genuine pack of foxhounds. By the beginning of the 19th century. Beagles were said to exist in several sizes. Reinagle, in the Sportsman’s Cabinet in 1804 says: “They are the smaller of the hound race in this country, are exquisite in the scent of the hare and indefatigably vigilant in their pursuit of her”. He also says “Though wonderfully inferior in point of Read more […]

Basset Hound

History and Development It is exceedingly difficult to pinpoint the exact period when the Basset evolved. Short-legged dogs which could be called “basset-type” were shown on wall paintings in Egyptian tombs around 2,000 B.C., and from that era until the Middle Ages various chroniclers have mentioned low-set, long-bodied dogs. However, one cannot be certain that these were Bassets. The first recorded mention of the word “Basset’ is found in Jacques du Fouilloux’s Venerie de Jacques du Fouilloux published in France in 1585. Therefore it this date is accepted as the beginning of the modern Basset, and if the earlier recordings of low-bodied dogs are dismissed as not relating to true Bassets, then the breed is undoubtedly of ancient origin. Not many breeds have four centuries of authenticated history behind them. Du Fouilloux writes of the breed being employed as badger dogs and of them going to earth in the style of terriers. He draws attention to two types of Basset, the rough-haired variety and the smooth-coated type, and states that they originated in Artois and Flanders. Modern canine historians do not disagree with this opinion and are unanimous in considering the northern French departments as the homeland of Read more […]