Fleas in Dogs

Fleas in dogs have been mentioned in 1824 Among the numerous inconveniences to which the canine race are liable, I hardly know one more troublesome to themselves, or vexatious to their owners, than this common one of fleas. It becomes, therefore, a very frequent inquiry — How they can be destroyed, or how they can be prevented from accumulating? — Washing the body well with soap-suds, and directly afterwards carefully combing it with a small-toothed comb, are the most ready means of dislodging these nimble gentry. But it must be remembered, that the previous washing is only to enable the comb more readily to overtake them: the water does not destroy them, for dogs, who swim every day, are still found to have fleas. These insects are very tenacious of life, and soon recover this temporary drowning; the comb, therefore, is principally to be depended on for their caption before they recover. But as washing is not, in many instances, a salutary practice, and as, in many others, it is a very inconvenient one, so it becomes a matter worthy of consideration how to be enabled to destroy them without these means. Sopping the skin with tobacco water has been recommended; but it has only a momentary effect, and it not Read more […]

Diarrhoea in Dogs

Diarrhoea in dogs have been mentioned in 1824 Looseness, or Purging (Diarrhoea). Dogs are very subject, under various circumstances, to diarrhoea. It is seldom that they are affected with the Distemper without having a morbid alvine flux also, and which, when obstinate and violent, is one of the most fatal accompaniments the disease can have. In the distemper, the colour and consistence of the loose stools vary much; sometimes the motions are glairy or mucus-like, often frothy and pale; at others totally black: but, when the purging has lasted some time, they invariably become yellow. Another common cause of purging among dogs arises from worms; in which cases, the stools are less liquid, but more glairy and frothy: the state of the bowels varies also from day to day, being at one time loose, and at another costive. When diarrhoea continues for many days, the rectum becomes inflamed and slightly ulcerated within the fundament, by which a constant irritation and tenesmus are kept up; and the poor animal, feeling as though he wanted to evacuate, is continually trying to bring something away. On observing this, persons are frequently led into error; for, under a supposition that there exists actual costiveness at Read more […]

Distemper in Dogs

Distemper in dogs have been mentioned in 1824 This scourge to the canine race, now so general and common, does not appear to have been known a century ago; and even yet, throughout the European continent, it is described rather as an occasional epidemic which visits the different countries every three or four years, than as a fixed complaint, like the measles or hooping cough in the human (In opposition to this late appearance of the distemper, it has been conjectured that it was not unknown to the antients, and was by them called the Angina, being one of three diseases to which dogs, according to them, were liable; Madness and Podagra forming the otber two. But an attentive examination of the symptoms, as detailed by Aristotle, Aelian, and such other antient authors as have left us their observations on the canine race, will clearly show that the distemper, as it is known among us, was unknown to them. Their angina appears to have been an accidental epidemic, which confined its attacks almost wholly to the throat, producing faucial imposthumes, like strangles in horses, or quinsy in the human; but the grand characteristic, of primary and continued discharge from the nasal mucous membranes, is wholly unnoticed. — Read more […]

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

History and Development Dandies were first heard of as an established breed in the late 1700’s in the Coquet Water district of Northumberland when they were largely in the hands of the Border “muggers” or tinkers who used them for drawing and killing badgers, otters and foxes. It must have been in those days that the Dandie developed his proverbial courage and tremendous strength of jaw. Most Dandie breeders know of Piper Allan, a colorful character of those days, and of his two famous Dandies, Charlie and Peachem. Hut the outstanding figure in the Dandie world of that era was fames Davidson of Hindlee, who kept a large number of the Pepper and Mustard terriers as they were known then and had the odd notion of calling them all Pepper and Mustard, varied with adjectives “big, little, young, old” etc. Davidson’s Dandies were the true descendants of Piper Allan’s breed and they provide a link between the Dandies of the 18th century and now, as records and pedigrees were kept and handed down to the present day. Sir Walter Scott obtained several Dandie Dinmonts as they now began to be called, from Davidson and there are many references to them and the litters he bred, in his letters and private writings. From now Read more […]

Bedlington Terrier

History and Development The exact origin of the Bedlington Terrier cannot be definitely ascertained, but it is generally believed that it appeared at about the same time as the Dandie Dinmont. Or similar obscurity is the combination of breeds that went into its making. The body contours of the Bedlington point to a relationship with a hound breed. The Otterhound has been suggested as a possible forebear but this is something that can only be guessed at, and the Greyhound or Whippet seems more likely. In addition to hound blood, the Bedlington probably goes back to some type of now extinct otter terrier; this ancestor is probably shared with the Dandic, as old prints of Dandies and Bedlingtons show a striking similarity, although they are not so alike today. In the latter part of the 18th century, a breed or strain of terriers existed in Northumberland in and around the Rothbury Forest, which was held in high esteem in the neighborhood for its excellent qualities and especially its gameness. Their matings in the first place were probably arranged entirely with a view to perpetuate these qualities, rather than their outward appearance; to get dogs with strength, courage, endurance, nose and the like. Whatever it Read more […]


History and Development There is little doubt that the Greyhound is one of the very few breeds which can claim to be true. One of the oldest, it not the oldest, of sporting breeds, it has been recorded as the Gazehound, the hound which runs on the sight of its quarry. This is undoubtedly so; it has very keen eyesight, but this does not mean that the Greyhound is not well equipped to hunt and scent its quarry. It is a theory held by some that the Greyhound family is nearly as old as civilization. There are wall-paintings in some tombs in the Valley of the Nile which portray dogs of the greyhound type but, of course, one cannot elude the possibility that the Saluki also could be the animal illustrated. Mention of the breed occurs in the Bible, in the Book of Solomon, Chapter XXX, Verses 29-31: – There be three things that go well, yea four that are comely in going, a lion which is strongest among beasts and turneth not from any: A greyhound, an he goat also, and a king against whom there is no rising up. In this ancient world of the Bible, caravans of the merchants and nobles conveyed these hounds along the valleys of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates and throughout ancient Iraq and Persia to the colder climate Read more […]


History and Development It is certain that by chance, mutation and finally by recognized breeding, the Dachshund, or Teckel as it is known in Germany, has been evolved from the oldest known breeds of dog. In old German documents there is mention of the “Tracking Dog ‘ and of the Bibarhunt or predecessor of the Teckel. In 16th century documents repeated reference is made lo “Little Burrow Dog”, “Badger Dog” and “Dacksel”, and woodcuts of 1576 to 1582 show cross-bred dogs on lengthy Dachshund bodies. Ai the end of the 17th century the “Badger Fighter” is described as a “peculiar low crooked legged specie”, while in 1848 Teckels became well known to hunting historians of that period and were described as follows: A good looking Dachshund is long and low, the back arched, belly drawn up weasel fashion, chest deep, neck long and strong, canine teeth interlocking closely, the eye expressive and spirited, the tail fine and not carried too gaily. The hind legs more still and straight than is usually the case in other dogs. Forelegs strong and muscular, not crooked but only with the broad strong feet turned outwards. Throughout the centuries our Dachshund was bred as a hunting dog. Definitely to the year 1848, the Smooth-haired Read more […]

Irish Terrier

History and Development Records of the Irish Terrier’s background are sparse. Early Greek writers mention a terrier of Great Britain which had apparently been cultivated for many generations and which was not found elsewhere in Europe, and there is direct evidence that a breed of “wire-haired” black and tan terriers existed in Britain over 200 years ago and were used for (ox and otter hunting and for destroying vermin. The Welsh Terrier fanciers claim this terrier as the progenitor of their breed. Such terriers were also found in the Westmorland hills, but these were shorter on the leg, and have since been accepted as Lakeland Terriers. This old wire-haired black and tan terrier also was concerned in the origin of the Irish Terrier; and there were around Cork and Ballymena in Ireland, a larger strain of wheaten terrier, w inch also played a pan, a much racier type with longer legs and all one color. The confirmation of these early breed influences was seen among the early show Irish Terriers, when litters commonly contained some black and tan puppies. At the Dublin show in 1874, there were classes for both large and small Irish Terriers – over 9 lbs. and under 9 lbs. – all pointers to the fact that these terrier Read more […]

Scottish Terrier

History and Development It has been said many times that the origin of the Scottish Terrier dates back several centuries. On this assumption, it is clear that if length of genealogy counts for anything at all, the Scottish Terrier is a real aristocrat in the canine world. It is, of course, generally accepted that some other breeds of terriers have been described as “Terriers of Scotland”. When one considers Scotland with its Highlands and Lowlands and unique variety of terrain, can it be questioned that a number of breeds of terriers were produced for specialized work in certain areas. Without controversy, therefore, it can be claimed that the Scottish Terrier (or Aberdeen Terrier as he was at one lime described) as we know him today is descended in a direct line from terriers bred for character, pluck and determination and for a particular purpose. Notwithstanding refinements which, largely for show purposes, have crept into the breed, many Scottish Terriers of today could well do the job their ancestors were bred to do so many years ago. As already indicated, the Scottie is not a new breed; it has established itself as a firm favorite over a long period. Scottish Terrier: Color The Standard of the breed allows Read more […]

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

History and Development The Staffordshire Bull Terrier, as his name implies, was produced from a Bulldog with one or more of the terrier breeds which abounded in the early 1800’s. His main progenitor was the Old English Bulldog of about 1820, when the initial crossings were made. This was a rangier, lighter Bulldog than our modem version – in fact, sonic students of canine racism aver that the Stafford is actually a fined-down type of pure Bulldog, selectively bred on terrier-like lines with no true terrier infusion. Quite apart from the name “Bull-and-Terrier” used freely in literature for many decades, respected authors like Pierce Egan in Annals of Sporting (Vol. 1.), 1822, refer to the result of these crossings for the first time as Bull Terriers”. Later in 1829, Captain Thomas Brown in his Biographical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of Dogs, devoted a special chapter to this “new” breed, the Bull Terrier. The terrier role in this Bulldog-Terrier alliance is believed to have been performed by the Old English Black-and-Tan Terrier, forerunner of the Manchester Terrier. It is not surprising that size in these old Bull-and-Terriers varied considerably. Some taking after their Bulldog progenitor went 60 lbs. Read more […]